congressional casework quizlet

Until 2010, it also limited advertisements run by unions and corporations thirty days before a primary and sixty days before a general election.14 The FECs enforcement of the law spurred numerous court cases challenging it. In the House of Representatives, the __________ decides who will speak on the floor, and rules on points of order. U.S. Department of LaborOffice of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs200 Constitution Ave NWRoom S-2220Washington, DC 20210202-693-4600Fax: 202-693-4642. According to this chart on party votes and party unity scores in Congress, which of the following statements are correct? Casework is a. Casework Assistance Typically, casework involves individuals, groups with a common concern, or small businesses, and can include a problem, grievance, question of eligibility, need, or other tangible interest or benefit to these groups. It does not store any personal data. d. Steering, Party leaders from the two chambers of Congress sometimes use _______ legislation that addresses numerous and perhaps unrelated issues to create winning coalitions and force members to Both Republicans and Democrats have become more liberal. Casework is the most personal of the three, beneting individual voters and making the lawmaker known at the local level. Earmarks are funds provided by the Congress for specific projects or programs in such a manner that the allocation (a) circumvents a merit-based or competitive allocation process; (b) applies to a very limited number of individuals or entities; or (c) otherwise curtails the ability of the Executive Branch to independently manage the agency budget. Label the following behaviors by members of Congress as either an example of a distributive or informational theory of committees. d. logrolling, _________ is defined as the activities of members of Congress that help individual constituents, particularly by cutting through bureaucratic red tape. He criss-crossed the country helping other Republican candidates in their own races. Which of the following leadership abilities is critical to presidential success? A. artesian wells B. high islands C. atolls D. seamounts. An accountant for Anton just completed the variance report for the current month. To insulate one house of Congress from popular pressures and make it a seat of deliberation and reflection, the framers of the Constitution set the terms of the members of the Senate at __________. b. whites d. election through the Electoral College The principle partisan ally of the Speaker of the House or the party's wheel horse in the Senate. c. secretary of state b. majority whip b. By 2020, those values had shot to $2.4 million and $27.2 million (Figure 11.7).12 Raising this amount of money takes quite a bit of time and effort. Please include all pertinent information and claim numbers in your . e. pamphlets, Which of the following is an opinion written by a justice in the majority that outlines additional considerations he or she thinks are important? Favors and other forms of assistance that members of Congress provide to their constituents. d. women. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. "fire alarm" oversight Insurance expires at the rate of $500 per month. Gains from trade c. Senators are better educated than their House counterparts. a. representing groups that provide subsistence for their campaign coffers and not for their policy preferences The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. common carriers. How did such a powerful incumbent lose a game in which the cards had been stacked so heavily in his favor? Information for Congressional Offices Constituents often write to their congressional representatives when experiencing difficulties navigating the Federal bureaucracy. c. Modern presidents are much more influential in the legislative process than the Framers impeachment e. The White House staff has more specialized policy knowledge than the Cabinet. a. term limits \text{ Quantity, .25 hour } & \text{ Quantity, 4 kilograms } \\ a. | Rate per labor hour | $\$6$ | At the start of 2014, House majority whip Eric Cantor, a representative from Virginia, was at the top of his game. We discussed language, describing the components of grammar and tracing language development in children. c. impassively and impartially Congress exercises this power largely through its congressional committee system. Directlabor:Directmaterial:Quantity,.25hourQuantity,4kilogramsRate,$16perhourPrice,$.80perkilogram\begin{array}{ll} Two factors that determine whether a congressional office is able to work a particular case are 1) whether the individual's home address is located within the Member's congressional district and 2) whether the individual's problem pertains to a federal agency. a. majority leader He proposed that the reason was a surge in political stimulation during presidential elections, which contributes to greater turnout and brings in voters who are ordinarily less interested in politics. The purpose of the legislative branch in the United States is _____. b. diverse In 1960, political scientist Angus Campbell proposed the surge-and-decline theory to explain these patterns.22 Campbell noticed that since the Civil War, with the exception of 1934, the presidents party has consistently lost seats in Congress during the midterm elections. b. Caucus c. Stressing policy positions makes voters more uncertain about where the candidate stands on important issues. b. four b. credit claiming e. judicial privilege, When the U.S. Supreme Court agrees to hear a case appealed to it from a circuit court, it is exercising its __________ jurisdiction. Between 1946 and 2012, only 5 percent of incumbent senators and 2 percent of House incumbents lost their party primaries.19 In 2014, Cantor was one of four House incumbents who did so, while no incumbent senators suffered defeat. d. quickly and conscientiously c. executive order If he believes there is a 50%50 \%50% probability of a good market, what should he do? Why did the government shut down in 2013? In 2020, for example, the average Senate incumbent raised $28,649,593, whereas the average challenger raised only $5,264,022.18 This is one of the many reasons incumbents win a large majority of congressional races each electoral cycle. the issues that Congress will consider acting upon, a strategic Senate maneuver that allows a majority to decide to bypass a filibuster. a. As critics of the decision predicted at the time, the Court thus opened the floodgates to private soft money flowing into campaigns again. d. Modern presidents are much less partisan than the Framers originally intended. 21 Incumbent members of Congress have paid staff, influence, and access to specialized information that can help their constituents in ways "Pork" legislation may aid the district of a member of Congress by __________. Congress members do casework, which means, they troubleshoot for people from their home district or state who request help in dealing with the federal government. b. colloquium e. standing, In the trustee style of representation, the representative __________. c. franking privileges d. Dred Scott v. Sandford A group of members of Congress sharing some interest or characteristic. Submit a Request. c. the Cabinet c. the pork barrel a. However, congressional staff can intervene to facilitate the appropriate administrative processes, encourage an agency to give a case consideration, and sometimes advocate for a favorable outcome. Which statement about incumbency is most accurate? Creation of majority-minority districts has not increased racial minorities in Congress. c. George Washington c. oversight It is more descriptively representative of African Americans than the House. 3 Which task is an example of casework quizlet? Casework: Activities of members of congress that help constituents as individuals; cutting through bureaucratic red tape to get people what they think they have a right to get. (a) Journalize the adjusting entries on August 31 for the 3-month period June 1August 31. (according to the data table). | Overhead volume variance |60 Favorable | d. prior restraint Which statement about incumbency is most accurate? b. the president contributions from interest group members. Very few challengers have any experience with elections. Individuals may contribute up to $2900 per candidate per election. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. b. jurisdiction fragmentation citation tool such as, Authors: Glen Krutz, Sylvie Waskiewicz, PhD. b. Assume that cigarettes cost $5.50\$ 5.50$5.50 per pack and consider a 202020-year-old college student smoker who smokes 161616 packs of cigarettes per month. Rentals of $1,600 were due from tenants at August 31. \text{Mortgage Payable}&\text{}&\text{\hspace{7pt}120,000}\\ A member holds a marginal seat if he or she was elected with with less than 55 percent of the vote. presidents did. d. position taking, The __________ makes economic projections about the How Telephonic Casework Inquiries Are Processed Response Time What does a caseworker do if they haven't received a response within the estimated time given by the Congressional Liaison Representative (CLR)? Ways and means Which example best demonstrates a legislator acting as a trustee of his or her constituency? General Counsel. b. punishment a. Chishom v. Georgia c. briefs The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". \text{Prepaid Insurance}&\text{\hspace{16pt}5,400}&\text{}\\ c. Political Action Committee a. libertarian b. diverse c. collegial d. homogeneous d. homogeneous c. stare decisis The bill must be reintroduced in the next session of Congress. | Direct labor rate variance | 231 Favorable | a. two-year e. degree formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does, Which early president, who was initially hostile to the idea of a vigorous central government, concluded the Louisiana Purchase with France, which doubled the size of the United States and opened the continent for American settlement? c. lobbying These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. c. immediately before an election a. chief of state/head of state Congress. c. opinions They serve __________-year terms. a. \text{Equipment}&\text{\hspace{11pt}36,000}&\text{}\\ The parties have become less polarized because more and more voters are opting to become independents. What does the elastic clause of the Constitution allow Congress to do? The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Performance". c. representing people and interests that they like personally by voting for legislation that benefits those people This is an age-old strategy for success in office and elections. \text{}&\underline{\textbf{Debit}}&\underline{\textbf{Credit}}\\ Both the House and Senate authored their own versions of the legislation. Another example of casework, and a very common one, is when retired individuals do not receive their Social Security check. e. Temporal, What best explains the overwhelming advantage incumbents possess in seeking reelection over opposition candidates? d. Senate Judiciary Committee The importance of airing positive constituent casework during campaigns is a testament to the accuracy of saying, All politics is local. This phrase, attributed to former Speaker of the House Tip ONeill (D-MA), essentially means that the most important motivations directing voters are rooted in local concerns. e. chief executive. e. jury, For a case to be heard in the Supreme Court, a minimum of how many justices must vote to hear the case? In the House of Representatives, who is second in authority to the Speaker of the House? Often, they will publicize their casework on their websites or, in some cases, create television advertisements that boast of their helpfulness. Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs Congressional Liaison Service Casework Guide "to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan" Abraham Lincoln. Another important reform occurred in 2002, when Senators John McCain (R-AZ) and Russell Feingold (D-WI) drafted, and Congress passed, the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (BCRA), also referred to as the McCain-Feingold Act. Individual members of Congress rate slightly higher than Congress as a whole, but approval ratings are at an all-time low. a. d. Party polarization has decreased as bipartisanship has increased. Unlimited debate in the Senate to prevent a vote is known as _____. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Anton Company manufactures wooden magazine stands. a. Incumbents have a huge advantage in reelection. The conflict is a by-product of the weakening of American political parties. a. amicus curiae "Pork" legislation may aid the district of a member of Congress by __________. helping individual members of their constituency What is partisanship? These cookies track visitors across websites and collect information to provide customized ads. What is the special committee created to reconcile differences in bills passed by the House and Senate called? b. What happened? Both Republicans and Democrats have become more conservative. majority party is the __________. a. Individuals may also give $5000 to PACs and $36,500 to a national party committee. In a congressional office, the term casework refers to the response or services that Members of Congress provide to constituents who request assistance. when more power is given to committee chairs than the Speaker of the House. d. plea The slow nature of policy-making in Congress is the result of which of the following? Register to vote at d. Speaker of the House, In the House of Representatives, a bill goes to the Rules Committee ________. d. Standing a. | Direct labor: | A popular presidential candidate helps Congressional party members get elected. WSU: PS-1010 (American Government) - Chapter, Government in America: Elections and Updates Edition, George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry, Christina Dejong, Christopher E. Smith, George F Cole. Polarization increases hyperpartisanship and decreases bipartisanship. b. Incumbents have a small advantage in reelection. d. Members of Congress forgot to pass the budget. Members of Congress use the media to help focus attention on problems when holding hearings. \text{Land}&\text{\hspace{11pt}40,000}&\text{}\\ b. c. impeachment b. laws An office mandated by the Constitution. Wars typically have the power to nationalize local elections. The House of Representatives goes through _____ to determine the number of seats a state gets, and _____ determines district boundaries of equal population within states. b. The frequency of party votes in the House roughly matches the frequency of party votes in the Senate. Construct a boxplot and describe its shape. The pork barrel may aid the district of a member of Congress by ________. c. briefs Common congressional casework requests include tracking a misdirected benefits payment; helping to fill out a government form; applying for Social Security, veterans', education, and other federal benefits; explaining government activities or decisions; applying to a . 1999-2023, Rice University. How does violence against the family pet affect the family? d. to create a weak national leader that could easily be dominated by Congress b. additional financial support from the federal government campaign fund In contrast, midterm elections witness the opposite effect. c. judicial review Functional cookies help to perform certain functionalities like sharing the content of the website on social media platforms, collect feedbacks, and other third-party features. Indeed, Cantor was the only highest-level Republican representative sacrificed to conservative populism. Match personnel, infrastructure, and funding to current missions, future missions, and population demand. What is the effect of the unanimous consent rule in the Senate? Congressional Democrats and Republicans could not agree on a budget. c. give the Senate authority to overturn a Supreme Court decision b. the ability to write legislation When will it end? What is an example of casework by a member of Congress? The general trend in the relationship between Congress and the states has been one in which congressional power has __________. | | **Current Month: Variances** | b. Markup Committee | Price | $\$0.25$ per square foot Anyone can draft a bill, but only a member of the House of Representatives or the Senate can formally submit a bill for consideration. d. the states Casework activities may also be viewed as part of an outreach strategy to build political support, or as an evaluative stage of the legislative process. OCIA is the Department of Labor's liaison to Members of Congress (MOCs) as well as state and local government officials and entities. Which the following are true about norms in Congress? FAX: (202) 344-2152. All things being equal, voters are far more likely to select the name of the person they recall seeing on television and hearing on the radio for the last few years than the name of a person they hardly know. The U.S. Constitution is very clear about who can be elected as a member of the House or Senate. a. How did the American colonies actually win the war and gain their Independence from Britain? People naturally feel more driven by the things that affect them on a daily basis. c. whip If the president were to veto a bill what would the next step be? __________ is a good example of Congressional casework. e. vice president, __________ committees are usually temporary committees are created by congressional leaders to resolve matters that Standing committee cannot or do not wish to handle The structural and other differences between the House and Senate have practical consequences for the way the two chambers function. d. Senate Banking Committee, Over the past three decades, the distance between the political parties in Congress has been growing steadily. Modern political campaigns in the United States are expensive, and they have been growing more so. When performing casework, congressional staff cannot force an agency to expedite a case or act in favor of a constituent. \text{Rent Revenue}&\text{}&\text{\hspace{11pt}80,000}\\ In contrast, members of the Senate are furthest from the demands and scrutiny of their constituents. What type of medicine do you put on a burn? Congress members protect the interest of their state or district. {x+3yz=0x2y+z=8x6y+2z=6\left\{\begin{array}{l}x+3 y-z=0 \\ x-2 y+z=8 \\ x-6 y+2 z=6\end{array}\right. b. Abraham Lincoln Match the characteristic to the correct type of oversight. increasing jobs and revenue with federally funded projects, Christina Dejong, Christopher E. Smith, George F Cole, Government in America: Elections and Updates Edition, George C. Edwards III, Martin P. Wattenberg, Robert L. Lineberry. Both chambers in Congress are responsible for all of the following EXCEPT _____. c. Creation of majority-minority districts was ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. b. casework d. have members appointed by incumbent senators These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. \text{Unearned Rent Revenue}&\text{}&\text{\hspace{16pt}6,800}\\ Which of the following could be considered an example of casework? We recommend using a The term for the 117th Congress begins in January 2021. The following information is provided to help congressional caseworkers expedite the servicing of constituent requests for records from the National Personnel Records Center. That lull ended in the early 1970s when the Federal Election Campaign Act was passed. a. **Instructions** By the end of this section, you will be able to: The House and Senate operate very differently, partly because their members differ in the length of their terms, as well as in their age and other characteristics. c. Helping a constituent with the Veterans Administration. a. This book uses the There are currently 435 congressional districts in the United States and thus 435 House members, and each state has a number of House districts roughly proportional to its share of the total U.S. population, with states guaranteed at least one House member. Raise and provide public money and oversee its proper expenditure. How have Americans rated members of Congress in recent years? b. commissioning officers c. majority-minority model of representation \end{array} e. Incumbents only leave office when they choose. e. quickly and efficiently, Packing and cracking both draw district lines to the favor of the majority party, and thus, are two types of __________.

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